Component Constructor

The Component constructor is used to define components. You can specify component properties, data, and methods when calling the Component constructor.

For specific definitions and usage of the parameters, see the Component reference documentation.

Component({

  behaviors: [],

  properties: {
    myProperty: { // Property name
      type: String,
      value: ''
    },
    myProperty2: String // Simplified definition
  },
  
  data: {}, // Private data, used for template rendering

  lifetimes: {
    // Lifecycle function, which can be a function or a method name defined in the methods field
    attached: function () { },
    moved: function () { },
    detached: function () { },
  },

  // Lifecycle function, which can be a function or a method name defined in the methods field
  attached: function () { }, // The declaration in the attached field is overwritten by that in the lifetimes field
  ready: function() { },

  pageLifetimes: {
    // Component page lifecycle function
    show: function () { },
    hide: function () { },
    resize: function () { },
  },

  methods: {
    onMyButtonTap: function(){
      this.setData({
        // The properties and data are updated in the same way as with the page data
      })
    },
    // The internal method starts with an underscore
    _myPrivateMethod: function(){
      // Here, data.A[0].B is set to 'myPrivateData'
      this.setData({
        'A[0].B': 'myPrivateData'
      })
    },
    _propertyChange: function(newVal, oldVal) {

    }
  }

})

Construct a Page via Component Constructor

In fact, the Mini Program's page can also be considered as a custom component. Thus, its page can also be constructed using the Component constructor, as it has the same definition field and instance method as a general component. However, you must include the usingComponents definition field in the corresponding json file.

In this case, the properties of the component can be used to receive page parameters, such as visited pages /pages/index/index?paramA=123&paramB=xyz. If the property paramA or paramB is declared, they will be assigned 123 or xyz.

The page's lifecycle method (i.e., the method starting with on) must be written in the methods definition field.

Code example:

{
  "usingComponents": {}
}
Component({

  properties: {
    paramA: Number,
    paramB: String,
  },

  methods: {
    onLoad: function() {
      this.data.paramA // Value of page parameter paramA
      this.data.paramB // Value of page parameter paramB
    }
  }

})